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HP 400 graphite electrodes

Aug 07, 2020 Source: DanCarbon Writer: Yvonne

Graphite electrodes HP 400mm are made of mixed needle coke and coal pitch, to be extruded, baked, impregnated, graphitized and machined for use as conductive material on EAF (Electric Arc Furnace) and LF (Ladle Furnace) for steelmaking.
In the steelmaking process, the EAF method recycles used iron scrap by melting it at a temperature of about 1600 ℃ in an electric arc furnace. Graphite electrodes, a kind of conductor, are an essential component in this kind of furnace.
1. What is hp 400 graphite electrodes meaning?
HP graphite electrode is made of high quality petroleum coke (or low grade needle coke), sometimes the electrode body needs to be impregnated, and its physical and mechanical properties are higher than ordinary power graphite electrode, such as low resistivity, allowing a larger current density.
► graphite electrode diameter 400 Standards
IEC 60239 Graphite electrodes for electric arc furnaces – Dimensions and designation
YB/T 4088 Graphite electrode
YB/T 4089 High power graphite electrode
YB/T 4090 Ultra high power graphite electrode
► HP Graphite electrodes Standards
IEC 60239 Graphite electrodes for electric arc furnaces – Dimensions and designation
YB/T 4088 Graphite electrode
YB/T 4089 High power graphite electrode
YB/T 4090 Ultra high power graphite electrode
► 400 mm graphite electrode Properties
Property Unit Electrode Diameter
HP
350~450 mm
(14~18 inch)
Bulk Density g/cm3 1.65~1.73
Specific Resistance μΩm 5.0~6.2
Flexural Strength MPa 10.5~15.5
Elastic Modulus GPa 9.0~12.0
Coefficient of  ×10-6/°C 1.6~1.9
Thermal Expansion
Ash Content % Less than 0.2
► HP Graphite electrodes Diameters and Lengths of Electrodes
Nominal Actual Diameter Specifications Nominal Actual Length Specifications for Normal Electrodes Actual Length Specifications for Short Electrodes
Diameter Max Min Length Max Min Max Min
mm (inch) mm mm mm mm mm mm mm
350 -14 357 352 1800 1900 1700 1700 1525
2100 2200 2000 2000 1825
2400 2500 2300 2300 2125
400 -16 409 403 1800 1900 1700 1700 1525
2100 2200 2000 2000 1825
2400 2500 2300 2300 2125
450 -18 460 454 1800 1900 1700 1700 1525
2100 2200 2000 2000 1825
2400 2500 2300 2300 2125
Notes:
1.      A low spot may be accepted only if the diameter measured at the low sport is not more than 3 mm below the min diameter specification.
2.      Each shipment contain 5% short electrodes may be accepted unless the acceptable percentage of short electrodes per delivery is decided by agreement between the supplier and user. 
► HP Graphite electrodes Dimensions of Pins and Sockets (T3)
Nominal IEC Pin Socket
Diameter of Electrodes Designation of Joint Major Diameter Pitch Diameter Length Minor Diameter Pitch Diameter Depth
    d1 d2 l1 d3 d4 l2
mm (inch) Type T3 mm mm mm mm mm mm
350 -14 215T3N 215.9 211.69 304.8 207.47 211.69 158.4
400 -16 215T3N 215.9 211.69 304.8 207.47 211.69 158.4
400 -16 241T3N 241.3 237.09 338.7 232.87 237.09 175.3
450 -18 241T3N 241.3 237.09 338.7 232.87 237.09 175.3
450 -18 273T3N 273.05 268.84 355.6 264.62 268.84 183.8
Notes:
1.      Type T3 is 3 taper threads per inch, pitch 8.47 mm.
2.      Pin pitch diameter is equal to socket pitch diameter (d2 = d4).
3.      Socket minor diameter is equal to pitch diameter (d3 = d4 – 4.22).
► HP Graphite electrodes Dimensions of Pins and Sockets (T4)
Nominal IEC Pin Socket
Diameter of Electrodes Designation of Joint Major Diameter Pitch Diameter Length Minor Diameter Pitch Diameter Depth
    d1 d2 l1 d3 d4 l2
mm (inch) Type T4 mm mm mm mm mm mm
350 -14 203T4N 203.2 200.04 254 196.88 200.04 133
400 -16 222T4N 222.25 219.09 304.8 215.93 219.09 158.4
400 -16 222T4L 222.25 219.09 355.6 215.93 219.09 183.8
450 -18 241T4N 241.3 238.14 304.8 234.98 238.14 158.4
450 -18 241T4L 241.3 238.14 355.6 234.98 238.14 183.8
Notes:
1.      Type T4 is 4 taper threads per inch, pitch 6.35 mm.
2.      Pin pitch diameter is equal to socket pitch diameter (d2 = d4).
3.      Socket minor diameter is equal to pitch diameter (d3 = d4 – 3.16).
► HP Graphite electrodes Tolerances for Sockets and Pins
Dimension Tolerances for Sockets and Pins
(tolerance in brackets are informative only)
Min Max
(mm) (mm)
Length of pin l1 (-4) 0
Depth of socket l2 -3 (+10)
Length of thread l3 -2 (+8)
Recess of pin l4 0 10
Recess of socket l5 0 4
Pitch diameter of pin d2 (-1) 0
Pitch diameter of socket d4 0 (+0.5)
► Graphite electrode diameter 400 for eaf Designation
Electrodes shall be designated by the nominal diameter, the nominal length and the socket designation.
EXAMPLE 1 Designation of electrodes with normal sockets:
400 × 2100 × 222T4N
EXAMPLE 2 Designation of electrodes with long sockets:
400 × 2400 × 222T4L

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